Pop Archives

Chaos And Co - It Was You (1966)

(Peter Townshend - Eula Parker - Barry Gray)
Australia Australia

Single on Parlophone, B-side of Seven Golden Daffodils.

It Was You is an early composition by Pete Townshend of The Who, with co-writer credits to an Australian singer-composer-arranger from Melbourne and an English arranger and composer of TV themes. See below under The Detours for the whole story.

Chaos And Co were a Launceston band who also worked in Melbourne. They came third in the 1966 Hoadleys Battle of The Sounds after winning the Launceston heat.

Chaos And Co's John and Trevor Evan-Jones were in several other bands after this, notably the 70s British progressive band Jonesy.

For more on Chaos And Co, see the A-side Seven Golden Daffodils.

The Naturals - It Was You (1964)

(Peter Townshend - Eula Parker - Barry Gray)
Original version

The third Parlophone single of four released 1964-65 by band from Harlow in Essex, previously known as The Blue Beats and The Cossacks. YouTube

The Naturals' second single I Should Have Known Better (#24 UK) entered the charts in August 1964, the month after The Beatles' original version came out on the album A Hard Days' Night and in the film.

ReferenceThe Naturals at British Beat Boom [archived page at oocities.org from defunct Geocities site].

The Detours - It Was You (1963)

(Peter Townshend - Eula Parker - Barry Gray)


Late 1963 recording by the band that became The Who.

Pete Townshend, then a student at Ealing Art College, was recruited into The Detours in early 1962 by Roger Daltrey whom he had known at Acton County Grammar School. Another schoolfriend, John Entwistlewas already a member. At the time of this recording, their first, they were a well-established live band that had gone through several personnel changes. This line-up of The Detours would become The Who, although drummer Doug Sandom would later be replaced by Keith Moon.

The song is the earliest published Pete Townshend composition, and the session came before the early single released by The Who on Fontana in July 1964 using the short-lived band name The High Numbers.

Composed by Townshend – Gray – Parker:

The recording was made in the home studio of Barry Gray, an arranger and composer best known for his work on Gerry Anderson's children's marionette series including Thunderbirds.

It's an unlikely connection, but Eula Parker is the Australian singer, composer, lyricist and arranger from Melbourne (1923-1985) who left for the UK at the end of 1954 and joined the popular vocal group The Stargazers in late 1955.

As a songwriter, she is known for The Village Of St Bernadette, a hit for Andy Williams in 1960 (#7 USA), for which she won an Ivor Novello Award in 1960 for Most Outstanding Song of the Year.

Back in Australia, Eula had often been heard on ABC radio, both solo and in The Parker Sisters trio, and she was a regular on Melbourne radio station 3DB's Happy Gang. In this publicity photo, Eula (Eulallie) is in the front, with sisters Marie, centre, and Pat at the back.

Barry Gray and Eula Parker worked together a number of times. For example, Eula appears as "Mary Jane", vocalist and co-composer (with Gray) on Robot Man / Just the same as I do by Mary Jane With Barry Gray And His Spacemakers (1963), and she is featured on the 6-track EP Space Age Nursery Rhymes by Barry Gray & His Music (1967).

In the late 50s-early 60s, Eula was a regular on Lunch Box, a daily talk and variety show from ATV in Birmingham, hosted by Noele Gordon. A Lunch Box album (1963) includes Eula on three tracks. In a Lunch Box episode posted at YouTube, Eula can be seen three times (jump to her performances here, here and here). The trio on the show is led by organist Jerry Allen, who collaborated with Eula on at least two compositions, including Hedgehopper YouTube, recorded by Eula on UK label Oriole in 1957. Also at ATV was Australian TV producer Reg Watson who co-wrote two songs with Eula for the ATV children's series The Tingha And Tucker Club, one of which was the theme song, written with Tony Hatch.


Click here to open or download .pdf document
Email me with corrections or additions.

There are two views of how The Detours connected with Barry Gray. It was either (1) through Pete Townshend's father Cliff, a professional musician who had played sax in an RAF band conducted by Gray early in the war years,* or (2) through Pete Townshend's friend from his schoolboy band The Scorpions, Pete Wilson, whose father was a friend of Gray. Pete Townshend doesn't throw any light on this in his biography Who I Am, but both his parents had contacts in the music business, and he gives other examples of where these were useful early in his career. 

* The biography [pdf] at the Barry Gray website has details of his service as conductor at RAF Padgate, Lancashire, and of his construction of the home studio in Dollis Hill, northwest London.

† The Pete Wilson version of Pete Townshend's connection with Barry Gray is in, for example, Andy Neill & Matt Kent's Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere: The Complete Chronicle of the Who 1958-1978, (p. 25: excerpt at Google Books); and in Mike Segretto's The Who FAQ (Google Books extract)

Photos: Eula Parker, The Parker Sisters, from the collection of Marianne Young, with permission.

Further reading: 1. Eula Parker & The Parker Sisters at ABC Radio's Rare Collections. This page has more details and photos, plus a playlist from the 2014 radio episode Remembering Kathleen McCormack and Eula Parker. 2. Discogs.com has a short but fact-filled biography of Eula.

Other references: 1. Pete Townshend, Who I Am (2012). 2. Copyright details at Copyright Encyclopedia. 3. Toute premiere chanson composee par Pete Townshend [archived page] from Who Forum. [On the writer credits: Pete Townshend pour le texte et la mélodie, Eula Parker et Barry Gray en tant qu'arrangeurs.]. 4. John Atkins, The Who on Record: A Critical History, 1963-1998, pp 30-31 [Google Books] 5. List of Barry Gray's productions for Gerry Anderson (Eula Parker appears as vocalist on several recordings) and the discography [pdf] at the Barry Gray website. 6. The Stargazers at 45-rpm.org.uk: (Eula Parker in photo?) 7. Post at Whirligig Forum about Eula Parker's time in The Stargazers. 8.  Ivor Novello Awards for 1960 at the official site of the awards. 9.  Newspaper mentions of Eula Parker 1940s-50s  at National Library of Australia's Trove newspaper archive. 10. Mike Segretto, The Who FAQ11. Andy Neill & Matt Kent, Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere: The Complete Chronicle of the Who 1958-1978.

Thank you to Marianne Young for further background on Eula Parker, her aunt.

Corrections from Craig Smith, thanks.

News clipping: The Argus, Melbourne, 8 November 1955. Eula Parker was often mentioned in Melbourne dailies The Argus and The Age, often with a photograph. Browse this search result at Trove for other examples.


The Who - It Was You (1964)

(Peter Townshend - Eula Parker - Barry Gray)

Unconfirmed version

Some sources mention an unreleased Who recording of It Was You from 1964, and they might have performed it live in the early days.

See, for example, the discussion thread at Steve Hoffman Music Threads where one poster cites The Who on Record: A Critical History, 1963-1998 by John Atkins:

…there is an acetate from the High Numbers days belonging to a private collector which includes a reprise of "It Was You"

Another poster suggests:  

Matt Kent [Who authorsupposedly owns the acetate reel that has It Was You on it.

Mark Wilkerson, in Who Are You: The Life Of Pete Townshend writes:

It Was You… was deemed worthy enough to be recorded by The Who [in 1964] (which again remains unreleased).